Macros (AKA macronutrients) are nutritional compounds that your body needs in significant quantities for daily functioning. The three macronutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. While each type supplies you with most of the energy you need to operate, they all have different roles in your body overall.
Protein is a macronutrient that is essential to building muscle mass. It is commonly found in animal products, though is also present in other sources, such as nuts and legumes. Every cell in the human body contains protein. The basic structure of protein is a chain of amino acids. Your body uses amino acids to build and repair muscles and bones and to make hormones and enzymes. Protein is also a critical part of the processes that fuel your energy and carry oxygen throughout your body in your blood. It also helps make antibodies that fight off infections and illnesses and helps keep cells healthy and create new ones.
Carbohydrates are a type of macronutrient found in many foods and beverages. Most carbohydrates occur naturally in plant-based foods, such as grains. Carbohydrates are your body’s main fuel source. During digestion, sugars and starches are broken down into simple sugars. They’re then absorbed into your bloodstream, where they’re known as blood sugar (blood glucose). Glucose is used by your body for energy, and fuels all of your activities — whether it’s going for a jog or simply breathing. Extra glucose is stored in your liver, muscles and other cells for later use, or is converted to fat. Because of their numerous health benefits, carbohydrates have a rightful place in your diet. In fact, your body needs carbohydrates to function well.
Fat is an essential part of a healthy, balanced diet. Fat is a source of essential fatty acids, which the body cannot make itself. Fat helps the body absorb vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin E. These vitamins are fat-soluble, which means they can only be absorbed with the help of fats. They store energy, insulate us and protect our vital organs. They act as messengers, helping proteins do their jobs. A nutritious eating plan doesn’t mean cutting out all fat, just focusing on healthier varieties. Omega-3 fats are a type of polyunsaturated fat that may offer benefits such as promoting normal functions of the brain and nervous system, lowering cholesterol levels and supporting heart health, protecting against dry eye disease and reducing inflammation in the body.
When choosing a healthy diet, it is never recommended to limit your intake of any macronutrient. Is it quicker to lose weight if you cut out carbs? Fats? Sure, it can be. Is it healthy? Absolutely not. Each macronutrient has a critical role in the functions of your body and eliminating one, directly impacts another. They work hand in hand for optimal health. The key is choosing the ones with the most benefits for your body and always in moderation. Happy eating y’all!
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